What Is Fly Fishing? A Beginner’s Guide

Wondering what is fly fishing? If you are a beginner, you might have a lot of questions in your mind. This may be true for intermediate anglers who are just trying to learn more about it.

And I hope this article will do just that.

By the end of it, you would get the basic knowledge of fly fishing and hopefully, would try it too.

Here we go!

Fly fishing is a fun and stunning hobby and sport. It gets you very close to the tranquility of nature, yet gives the exciting challenge of outmaneuvering the fish.

What Is Fly Fishing A Beginner’s GuideConventionally, you use lures and traps and attach it to the end of our fishing rods. You make use of a thin line to make it light in weight and the bait you attach would be hefty. Then you cast it in the water.

This lets the lure carry the line behind it, through the air. Some may find this technique difficult as throwing a light in weight line with a heavy lure takes effort and practice. But it is necessary as heavy baits are a critical aspect of traditional angling.

However, in fly fishing the angler makes use of a fly angling equipment. This equipment includes construct fly rod, fly, fly line, tippet and leader. Another critical distinction between traditional fishing and fly fishing is that the counterfeit flies used in the latter are light in weight.

What Is Fly Fishing?

While spin fishing with a spin rod is incredible but numerous fishermen would contend that fly angling is nothing less than an art. You’re angling in moving water of rivers and streams in fly fishing whereas spin angling is done in still water like lakes. Fly angling is said to be pure fishing.

Fly Fishing

In other forms of fishing, the objective is to have a pleasant trip on a pontoon or sitting on the shoreline and get as many fish as you can. But, with fly angling it’s a test.

A challenge to explore the stream to discern precisely where to place your fly, to fool the fish into gnawing on your snare and at the same time, catching it into the net.

Method Used

Let’s plunge into the real mechanics of this technique. Fly angling requires you to concentrate on your strategy, modify it depending on the sort of fish you are attempting to get and the particular area you are fishing in. Now and then even unique rigging is required. It is no less than an art.

Fly Fishing is a method for getting fish where the trap is introduced, either on the surface of the water or slightly below it. This is intended to appear as though an insect has arrived in order to trick the fish into swallowing it.

Fly fishing is in contrast to customary angling techniques where the snare is thrown out to the fish beneath the water.

Fly Fishing Apparatus

We use snare or hook, floats, weights, and a lightweight line in traditional angling. The lure placed on the hook and weights attached to it, permit you to make a cast that goes a great distance.

And the float at that point holds the lure at the preferred depth in the waterway. When everything works as intended, the fish sees the trap, chomps on it and gets captured in the hook.

Fly Fishing Apparatus

However, everything is quite opposite in fly fishing. To begin with, you cast a very lightweight fly out on the highest point of the water or just beneath its surface. The fly has no weight itself and you should ensure that the introduction of the fly onto the water is fragile.

Otherwise, it would terrify the fish. To make up for the absence of weight on the fly a mix of throwing method and fly line set-up is utilized.

Lines Used In Fly Angling

In fly angling, the fishing line gives the weight as compared to traditional angling, wherein the weights and snare provides the heaviness for a decent cast. The backing in fly angling gives the additional length which permits a fish to run a little.

Here, the fly line is intended to give the weight expected to make distant throws. The leader and tippet works together to cast the fly in a secretive way. It is important that the fish don’t see them.

The enormous contrast between customary angling and fly angling is the place the weight originates from. In fly angling, the weight originates from the fly line itself.

Fly Angling Rod And Reel 

Fly rods are truly flexible and usually longer than ordinary angling rods. They are typically made of graphite and are intended to twist when thrown for long distances. Fly rods are ideal for good fly introduction in the water.

Fly Angling Rod And Reel

Fly angling reels are open whereas poles used in traditional fishing angling have a shut reel. Also, in fly fishing the position of hand placed on the bar is in front of the reel. This is in contrast to conventional angling posts where the handhold is essentially behind the reel.

Other Accessories

Apart from the flying rod and reel, there are other miscellaneous accessories too that you may try like a fly fishing vest to make things simpler.  They would help you in holding your apparatus, and keeping everything close in case you need them.

Waders permit you to get out in the water wherever you wish to without getting wet. So no need to catch fish from the shore or jump rock.

Fly fishing net helps in two ways. First is it would be simpler to get the fish and secondly, it will help protect it too. Polarizing sunglasses are quite useful during fly angling.

They would shield your eyes from the scorching sun as well as avoid the glare from the water so that you are able to see better and locate the fish beneath the surface.

Focus While Throwing The Line

When you cast in traditional angling, you press a button, toss the pole back and afterward out. On the other hand, fly angling is complex and needs skills. Casting a fly pole has various techniques, yet some part in every one of them is the same.

It includes letting out the pole and half’s measure of the fly line, then turning it back behind you and afterward pulling out.

The primary concern of casting in fly angling is that you should attempt to put the fly on the top of the water with the goal that the fish thinks the fly is a genuine bug. Whenever done accurately, the fish won’t see the fly line or any other equipment except the fly.

How To Cast A Fly Rod

Figuring out how to fly cast is the most significant part of fly angling. The key focus is to get the fly out to where the fish are. And to achieve that, you would have to utilize a casting procedure that permits the fly pole and fly line to cooperate.

The heaviness of the line is utilized to throw the fly in front of you.

Fly angling is about throwing artificial bait to the fish. This bait is an impersonation of any kind of insects or bugs that the fish usually devour (their food base). Fly fishing is attempting to outmaneuver the fish by tricking it to take the artificial fly.

Types Of Fly And Which One To Use

As the name suggests, in fly angling you place the fly as a lure. The kind of “fly” to utilize depends on the area, its water conditions and the sort of fish you are attempting to get. You would learn what sort of fly to use by experience.

If you are a beginner, then you may ask a nearby angling store about the ideal flies to utilize.

The flies could be impersonations of bugs that live in the water or the ones that glide on the surface like mayflies etc. You may even use different terrestrials like grasshoppers and so on.

I’ll expound increasingly about these various kinds of flies in future articles. Different insects require different ways to deal with fly angling.

You may use a variety of flies; however there are three commonly used ones i.e. Nymphs, Streamers and Dry flies. Nymphs are planned to float beneath the water surface like a water invertebrate. Streamers are supposed to imitate little fish or oceanic life similar to leeches etc.

Dry flies are the most well-known and are intended to be introduced on top of the water surface to imitate a fly or bug.

Making Your Own Flies

You may even attach your own fly impersonations to catch the fish. It’s an extraordinary experience. I would suggest you give it a shot. You can use a variety of materials or ingredients to create your own flies like feathers of birds, ducks and fowls.

Animal furs like deers, moose and so on can also be utilized. Other materials include artificial synthetics, beads from glass or metal, glitters, wires etc.

Type Of Knots If You Wish To Be An Expert

After you decide your preferred fly to use, there are diverse knots for tying the fly to your line. You may use the improved clinch knot which is used to connect the tippet to the fly. All you have to do is pull out the tippet through the snare eye. Do five turns with the tag about the tippet, twisting away from the snare.

Thrust the tag over the gap between the snare eye and the primary wrap. This makes an open loop above the wraps. Now, insert the tag across the loop and tug a bit until the knot closes. The next step is to moisten the knot made.

On the other hand pull on the tippe and the snare until the knot stands against the snare eye. Then trim the end of the tag. For more information, you can check these knots.

Begin In Still Water

Many anglers assume that fly fishing can only be done in streams but that is not true. You can do it in lakes too. It’s simple to watch out for your fly in still water, so this is especially great for amateurs.

In fly fishing, you need to deliberately watch your fly and line. This is done in order to perceive or sense any movement to snare the fish.

Therefore, in a streaming waterway or river, when your fly and line is floating with the ebb and flow, it’s extremely difficult to discern whether that delicate pull on the line is a fish or a stone or just the pull of the water.

Rehearse As Much As You Can

To ace fly fishing, you need a lot of practice. Trust me; you would see the results in stages. Like once you get the hang of throwing and tying the knots, then you get the hang of observing when a fish comes for your fly.

At that point, you get the hang of casting the snare, then you get the hang of effectively reeling and seizing your fish. And once you know all this, you would gain expertise to peruse the water. Along these lines, be ready to try and fail until you master this technique.

Safety Is The Key

You should always ensure the best security precautionary measures while fishing. Keep in mind the intensity of water. Fly bars are incredible conveyors of electricity and therefore they pose as targets for lightning strikes.

So at the primary trace of lightning, you must be vigil and leave the water. Another precaution is to use barbless snare or hooks on your flies. It would save the fish pointless torment as well as you from any unintended injuries, especially while casting.


At last, fly angling is all about the experience involved. During traditional angling, you frequently sit on a bank or in a vessel and trust that the fish will chomp your lure to get caught. But with fly angling, you’re placed in a surging spring or stream, throwing again and again to discover where the fish are located.

The technique is to make a decent attempt to cast that puts the fly in the right spot so that the fish may come up and take the bait.

I hope the article helped you in answering what is fly fishing. It is an increasingly dynamic and active kind of fishing method. It puts you directly in the center of the most picturesque areas on Earth and dares you to catch the fish you want.

Stay Safe!